What is the reduction action in Italian succession?

… (1st part here)

To prevent anyone from circumventing the rights of legitimate heirs by gifting all or part of their assets while they are still alive, the law also provides for the possibility of exercising the reduction action against gifts, following the death of the donor (art. 555 of the Italian civil code).

reduction action

In fact, to establish what assets belong to the legitimate heirs, the estate existing at the moment of death (relictum) is added to any gifts (donatum) made while the decedent was still alive. The forced quota is calculated on the total sum (relictum + donatum), and if the remaining assets do not suffice to satisfy the legal rights of the legitimate heirs, they may request the reduction of testamentary dispositions and gifts, starting with the most recent ones. As a result of the reduction action, the assets of the donations must be returned, in whole or in part, to the legitimate heirs, not only by the person who has received the gift, but also from any subsequent buyers of the assets in question.

Read more

Inheritance tax varies by State and in this post we will see how it is calculated in Italy

When a person decides to transfer the ownership of a property to a family member by way of a Will, the former bears the immediate notarial costs of the instrument, while the latter pays any tax related to the act of inheriting a property. Inheritance tax varies by State and we will see how it is calculated in Italy, how it works, how much is paid on inherited assets. We will look at allowances, what percentage is inheritance tax, the mortgage and cadastral taxes and how the cost is calculated.

Read more